「世大智科/天才家居」-我們創業囉
Contact Professor: Yeh-Liang Hsu (徐業良)

103學年度元智大學機械工程研究所劉育瑋博士論文

Doctoral Dissertation by Yu-Wei Liu, Mechanical Engineering Department, Yuan Ze University, 2014

103博士論文:結合軟質活動感知床墊建立以床為核心之遠距居家照護系統

觀察許多高齡者在居家環境,床是一個平時睡眠、休息的場所,也是一個有如自己私人領域的象徵。對於無法自主行動、需長期臥床的高齡者而言,床的角色更是重要,已幾乎是生活環境的一切。 本論文開發一套以床為核心的遠距居家照護系統,結合已成功商品化的軟質活動感知床墊 (WhizPAD)進行其智慧照護應用,WhizPAD軟質活動感測床墊是一個非常舒適的薄床墊,鋪在一般床上即可使用,利用特殊的紡織工法與感測、演算技術,WhizPAD具有臥床活動感知功能,能夠感測睡眠者臥離床、睡姿、活動頻率、呼吸頻率與睡眠品質等,以非察覺式、約束性的方式進行高齡者臥床活動偵測,適用於居家環境與養護機構。 系統設計主張以床作為健康照護管理的基本單位,以活動感測床墊WhizPAD作為核心,結合後端健康照護管理系統,子女、照護者可透過行動裝置進行監測記錄查閱與照護提醒,即時掌握高齡者的生活模式與照護需求,主動提供照護服務,降低高齡使用者於居家生活環境中的孤立感,增添與遠方子女、照護者的聯繫與互動。目前,本系統已真實應用於居家環境與養護機構,並進行其系統長期測試與驗證。 本論文中,以床為核心系統也結合商品開發中的活動感知地墊、環境參數感測器等,擴展其智慧照護應用,包含居家定位、跌倒偵測、環境參數監測等。以床為核心的遠距居家照護系統將“寢具”與“福祉科技” 概念與技術相結合,以高齡者家中現有且頻繁使用的日常生活寢具上增加其生活與健康照護管理之應用,床墊即是智慧照護與生活的中心,提供遠距健康照護與居家智慧生活之應用。

關鍵字:活動感知、睡眠監測、高齡者、遠距照護系統

Development of a bed-centered telehealth system based on a motion-sensing mattress

This paper presents a Bed-Centered Telehealth System (BCTS), which uses the bed as the center of health data collection for telehealth systems implemented in homes and nursing homes. The core sensor of the BCTS is a soft motion-sensing mattress, WhizPAD. WhizPAD collects signals of physical activities in bed, which can be classified into events such as on/off bed, sleep posture, movement counts, respiration rate, and sleep detection. Integrated with information and communication systems, caregivers can maintain awareness of older adults’ daily activities and needs by using their mobile devices to access the BCTS for real-time monitoring and historical data record of bed-related activities, as well as receiving service reminders and alerts for abnormal events. Scenarios of using the BCTS in the homes and nursing homes are described. The BCTS has the potential to be extended for broader applications. Additional sensors for activity of daily living (ADL) monitoring can also be added. Instead of creating a brand new telehealth system for home users, the design concept of BCTS is to integrate telehealth functions into something that already exists in the home, namely the bed. Future extensions of the BCTS to include other tele-monitoring functions are discussed.

Keywords: motion-sensing、older adults、sleep monitoring、telehealth system

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Last Updated:2015/12/2