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Edited by Yeh-Liang Hsu (2010-06-20); recommended: Yeh-Liang Hsu (2010-06-20).
Note: This document is the teaching material for ME567A Gerontechnology, Mechanical Engineering Department, Yuan Ze University.

The game of publishing a journal paper

1.     Why do people publish journal papers?

There can be thousands of different reasons. Here is one. I received an invitation to write a paper for a special issue of a journal:

________________________________

From: Annina Frey [mailto:frey@mdpi.org]
Sent: 2009/6/3 [
星期三] 下午 02:17
To:
徐業良
Subject: [?? Probable Spam] [SENSORS] Invitation to Contribute - Special Issue: Motion Detectors (ISSN 1424-8220, http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors/)

Dear Dr. Hsu,

We would like to invite you to contribute a long research paper or a comprehensive review on the topic of Motion Detectors for consideration and publication in a special issue of the journal Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220, http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors/).

Sensors has an Impact Factor of 1,573 (JCR 2007) and is covered by the following indexing and abstracting databases: Analytical Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts (CAS), Chemistry Citation Index, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), Index Copernicus, Google Scholar, INSPEC, Journal Citation Report, Open-J-Gate, Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE), Scirus, SciSearch and Scopus. The special issue website can be found at http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors/special_issues/motion_detectors .

You may send your manuscripts immediately and until 31 December 2009. Papers can be continuously submitted, processed and, if accepted, published online before the deadline. All papers belonging to this special issue will be gathered together at its website. Well-written papers may be published within 4-6 weeks.

Because Sensors is one of our free online open-access journals, papers are rapidly published and receive high publicity. This thematic special issue will be fully Open Access, with publishing fees paid by the authors’ institutional funds. For more information, visit our Open Access website (http://www.mdpi.com/about/openaccess/).

Please never hesitate to contact us if you have any questions.

We are looking forward to hearing from you soon.

On behalf of the Guest Editor
Dr. Scott E. Crouter
Department of Exercise and Health Sciences
University of Massachusetts Boston
100 Morrissey Blvd., Boston, MA 02125
E-mail: scott.crouter@umb.edu

Yours sincerely,
Ophelia Han
Assistant Editor

There are a few factors to consider for choosing a journal to submit your paper. The scope of the journal is certainly the most important factor. Other factors include

Ÿ    How long does it take to get published?

Ÿ    Is the journal easily accessed by all readers?

Ÿ    Is the journal well recognized by the academic society?

The importance, or “impact”, of a paper is often evaluated by the number of times the paper is cited in the reference by other papers. The impact factor, often abbreviated IF, is a measure reflecting the average number of citations to articles published in science and social science journals. It is frequently used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal within its field, with journals with higher impact factors deemed to be more important than those with lower ones. The impact factor was devised by Eugene Garfield, the founder of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), now part of Thomson Reuters. Impact factors are calculated yearly for those journals that are indexed in Thomson Reuter's Journal Citation Reports [Wikipedia].

In a given year, the impact factor of a journal is the average number of citations to those papers that were published during the two preceding years. For example, the 2008 impact factor of a journal would be calculated as follows:

A = the number of times articles published in 2006 and 2007 were cited by indexed journals during 2008

B = the total number of “citable items” published in 2006 and 2007. (“Citable items” are usually articles, reviews, proceedings, or notes; not editorials or Letters-to-the-Editor.)

2008 impact factor = A/B

In a word, you want to publish “SCI papers” in journals with high impact factor.

2.     Submitting a paper

I took the email invitation seriously, and started writing a paper with my doctoral student Che-Chang Yang. After finish writing the paper, it is submitted to the journal. Most journals use a webpage for paper management. In this rare case, the paper is submitted by sending it to the assistant editor of the journal. The first author of the paper is Che-Chang Yang, who has more contribution to the paper. I am the corresponding author, who receives all communications of the paper. I received the same standard acknowledgement emails very soon, which asked for many other things before the paper can be reviewed.

________________________________

From: Ms Hibby Li / MDPI [mailto:hibby.li@em.mdpi.org]
Sent: 2009/12/31 [
星期四] 下午 05:37
To:
徐業良
Cc: sensors@mdpi.org;
楊哲彰
Subject: [SENSORS] Manuscript ID: Sensors-65-17-Hsu-tw. Submission Received

Dear Dr. Hsu,

Thank you very much for following manuscript submission,

Manuscript ID: Sensors-65-17-Hsu-tw
Type of Paper: Review
Title: A Review of Accelerometry-Based Wearable Motion Detectors for Physical Activity Monitoring
Author: Che-Chang Yang 1, Yeh-Liang Hsu 2,*
E-mails: s958702@mail.yzu.edu.tw; mehsu@saturn.yzu.edu.tw
Received: 31 December 2009
submit to: Special issue 65 - Motion Detectors
http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors/special_issues/motion_detectors

which has been submitted for consideration and publication in our journal Sensors (http://www.mdpi.org/sensors/). However, before we can register and further process your manuscript, we need you to clarify the below-mentioned points:

- Article Processing Charges - http://www.mdpi.org/sensors/publguid.htm#open-access
Article Processing Charges (APC) for publication in open access format in Sensors are of 1050 CHF (Swiss Francs) per accepted paper. English correction and/or extensive additional editing fees of 250 CHF will be added in certain cases (thus, totally 1300 CHF per accepted paper for those papers that require extensive additional formatting and editing and/or English corrections). APC will be invoiced by the Editorial Office in Basel, Switzerland once a paper is accepted for publication in this journal.

Please confirm your willingness and ability to pay the Article Processing Charges and provide the name and the detailed mailing address, fax and tel. numbers and e-mail address for us to send invoice.

-Manuscript Preparing
I have done some modifications for this paper. Please use the attached Word file (Sensors-65-17-original)to do further modification before sending to referees:

All the references in the main text should be cited as references' numerials in parenthesis, such as "[1],[1-3] and [1-3,5]"

- Suggestion of 5 Reviewers - http://www.mdpi.org/sensors/publguid.htm#Referees
Authors should suggest at least five referees with the appropriate technical expertise, although the Editor will not necessarily approach them. Their addresses, homepage addresses, phone and fax numbers and e-mail addresses should be provided as fully as possible.

- For Review Articles (and others, if applicable)
Please confirm that you have obtained reproduction permission from copyright holders when reproducing figures and/or tables from other publications.

- Copyright and Creative Commons Attribution License -
http://www.mdpi.org/sensors/publguid.htm#copyright
This article, if accepted, will be an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). MDPI will insert following note at the end of the published text: (C) 2009 by the authors; licensee Molecular Diversity Preservation International, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license
 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

Please be advised that there is no copyright transfer form for you to fill out, as you complete retain the copyright of your work. The authors of the papers retain the copyright, but grant MDPI a license to publish the article in open access format at our website. Please confirm your agreement on the above point.

- Not Published or Submitted Elsewhere
This manuscript is accepted for processing on the understanding that it has not been published elsewhere (or submitted to another journal). Exceptions to this rule are papers containing material disclosed at conferences. You also confirm that for papers submitted by authors from various institutions, all authors are familiar with and agree with the contents of the manuscript. We reserve the right to contact these authors to confirm this in case of doubt.

We will immediately register and further process your paper once you have clarified the above mentioned points. When you reply, please always send a copy to sensors@mdpi.org.

We are looking forward to hearing from you soon again.

Kind regards,
Hibby Li
Assistant Editor
Sensors (http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors/)

Subscribing fees of academic journals are often very high. Open access journals are scholarly journals that are available online to the reader. The authors will see their papers more read and more cited. Some of the open access journals require payment, the article processing charges, by the authors.

3.     The paper review process

Then the paper was peer reviewed. Usually there are two reviewers, and the editor will make a decision, accept, minor revision, major revision, and reject, based on the recommendations by the reviewers. I received an email for the first round decision and the review comments:

________________________________

From: Ms Hibby Li / MDPI [mailto:hibby.li@em.mdpi.org]
Sent: 2010/2/2 [
星期二] 下午 05:46
To:
徐業良
Cc: sensors@mdpi.org
Subject: [SENSORS] Manuscript ID: Sensors-65-17-Hsu-tw. Minor Revisions Required

Dear Dr. Hsu,

We have received referee reports regarding your paper:

Manuscript ID: Sensors-65-17-Hsu-tw
Type of Paper: Review
Title: A Review of Accelerometry-Based Wearable Motion Detectors for
Physical Activity Monitoring
Author: Che-Chang Yang 1, Yeh-Liang Hsu 2,*
Received: 31 December 2009
submit to: Special issue 65 - Motion Detectors
http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors/special_issues/motion_detectors

Please revise according to the referees' comments and return the new Word file in about one week, or as long as the revision is properly finished. However, if we do not receive your revised manuscript within 30 days, your manuscript will be considered as a new submission and will be assigned a new submission date once it is returned.

The revision should be done based on the attached file "Sensors-65-17-original.doc" and marked in blue. Since we sent this paper to peer-review before we received the rearranged version. We would like to ask you to rearrange the references.

A cover letter should be provided explaining the details of the revision and the reply to referees' comments. The revised version will be examined by referees and editors again.

We appreciate that you send us a confirmation of receipt for this message.

Looking forward to hearing from you soon.

Kind regards,
Hibby Li
Assistant Editor
Sensors (http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors/)
Algorithms (http://www.mdpi.com/journal/algorithms/)

Both reviews recommended “minor revisions”, which seems to be the decision of the first round review, as indicated by the title of the email. Figure 1 shows part of the Review Report Form by one of the reviewers.

“Fighting the reviewers” is a very sophisticated issue that I do not want to get into here. Basically, you want to carefully respond to the reviewers’ comments, item by item. The following is my response to the reviewers’ comments shown in Figure 1.

________________________________

Dear Editor,

I appreciate the very careful reviews and valuable comments from the reviewers. Following are my response to the reviewer’s comments. Note that the line numbers are slightly different after revisions.

Reviewer A

…………

Reviewer B

(1)       pg. 2:ln 61: ‘constant acceleration, such as gravity’: gravity is not a constant signal when the sensor turns!

My response:

Gravity is a constant acceleration, but indeed the output signal changes as the sensor turns when accelerometers rotate with objects.. I slightly revised the sentence in L70-71:

“Some accelerometers can respond to constant acceleration, such as gravity, to provide tilt sensing with respect to reference planes when accelerometers rotate with objects. This inclination data (gravity component) can be used to classify body postures.”

(2)       pg. 2, ln 65: ‘integration with respect to time can be applied to acceleration data to obtain velocity and distance data’: before integration, gravity acceleration needs to be subtracted, which requires an adequate estimate of orientation as a function of time.

My response:

I have added the following description in L75-76 to describe how the gravity component can be removed:

“For accurate dynamic motion analysis, gravity component can also be reduced or separated from accelerometer output by means of various high pass filtering techniques.”

(3)       pg. 3, ln 104: ‘constant acceleration, such as gravity’: see point 1

My response:

As described in (1), gravity is a constant acceleration, though the output signal changes as the sensor turns.

(4)       pg. 4, ln.113-121: capacitive accelerometers: important advantage: low power consumption.

My response:

I have added this important advantage into line 114.

(5)       pg. 4, ln. 135: ‘center of mass’ in stead of ‘center of gravity’?

My response:

Yes, I have corrected this sentence into “center of mass”.

(6)       pg. 6, ln. 213: what do you mean with ‘conventional’ accelerometer? Accelerometer only (not with barometer)?

My response:

Yes. I changed the sentence into “the conventional accelerometer without barometer underestimated …” to make it clear.

……………

 

Figure 1. Part of the Review Report Form by one of the reviewers

4.     And the game goes on

Usually the game ends here. The paper gets published, and everybody is happy. But in this very rare case, I received this sad rejection email:

________________________________

From: Ms Hibby Li / MDPI [mailto:hibby.li@em.mdpi.org]
Sent: 2010/3/2 [
星期二] 上午 11:19
To:
徐業良
Cc: sensors@mdpi.org
Subject: [SENSORS] Manuscript ID: Sensors-65-17-Hsu-tw. Manuscript Declined

Dear Dr. Hsu,

Thank you very much for the following paper:

Manuscript ID: Sensors-65-17-Hsu-tw
Type of Paper: Review
Title: A Review of Accelerometry-Based Wearable Motion Detectors for Physical Activity Monitoring
Author: Che-Chang Yang 1, Yeh-Liang Hsu 2,*
Received: 31 December 2009
submit to: Special issue 65 - Motion Detectors
http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors/special_issues/motion_detectors

After carefully peer-reviewing and considering your manuscript, and based on comments from referees, we decided to reject this paper.

Attached you will find the referees' comments. You may now take these comments into consideration, revise your paper and submit it to this or any other journal for reconsideration.

Thank you for having considered Sensors as a venue for your work.

If you have any question, please never hesitate to contact us.

Kind regards,
Hibby Li
Assistant
Sensors (http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors)
Algorithms (http://www.mdpi.com/journal/algorithms)

There is a comment from the guest editor who made the decision of rejection, and obviously not “based on comments from the referees”.

________________________________

A large issue with this manuscript is that it is a review of other review articles and does not provide a clear review of accelerometer based motion detectors and it is simply trying to accomplish too much. This paper in reality could be broken into 2-3 review papers because of the detail needed for each section, as has been done in previous reviews of accelerometer for physical activity monitoring.

The title implies that this will be a review of monitors for tracking physical activity, however the article discusses fall detection, gait pattern analysis, and posture stability, in addition to measurement of free-living physical activity. Currently this article is attempting to accomplish too much and it is suggested to focus simply on one topic.

The wearable devices presented at the end of the article is a limited list that does not discuss all available monitors, and none of the monitors mentioned are intended to be used for gait pattern analysis, falls, etc.

There are considerable errors in the interpretation of articles, which may be due to the lack of detail, because there several articles that are more relevant to the discussion presented in the paper that what are used. There are also numerous grammatical and spelling errors.

I found it hard to swallow. If the guest editor felt the paper should be rejected, he should have said so in the first round decision. I sent him an email to question this. He told me he never read the paper until the final decision.

Then who made the first round decision? The assistant?

I especially could not agree with the comments “There are also numerous grammatical and spelling errors.” I strongly protested and asked the editors to specify the errors. He pointed out some “unclear” and “improper”, and asked me to get a native speaker to check the English, which I already did before submitting the paper.

I asked the editor to do the same, “having a native English speaker proofread your review comments before sending it out”, so that there won’t be sentences like “because there several articles that are more relevant to the discussion presented in the paper that what are used” in an editorial decision letter that rejects a paper.

Most papers have to be written in English, which is a major disadvantage to authors who are not native English speakers. But that is another story.

A few days later, I received another invitation from the same journal, for submitting a paper for another special issue.

________________________________

From: Tanja Birrer / MDPI [mailto:birrer@mdpi.org]
Sent: 2010/3/11 [
星期四] 下午 09:46
To:
徐業良
Subject: Call for Papers: Special Issue on "Sensors in Biomechanics and Biomedicine" - Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220, http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors/)

Dear Dr. Hsu,

We are setting up a special issue on "Sensors in Biomechanics and Biomedicine" to be published in Sensors (ISSN 1424-8220, http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors/). On behalf of the Guest Editor of this special issue, Dr. Rezaul K. Begg, we would like to invite you to contribute a comprehensive review article or a full research paper for peer-review and possible publication. The website for this special issue can be found at http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors/special_issues/biomech_biomed/.

The deadline for manuscript submission is 31 August 2010. You may send your manuscript now or by the deadline. Submitted papers should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere.

This special issue will be fully Open Access. Open Access (unlimited and free access by readers) increases publicity and promotes more frequent citations as indicated by several studies. Open Access is supported by
the authors and their institutes. More information is available at http://www.mdpi.com/about/openaccess/. Article Processing Charge (APC) is 1600 CHF per paper.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors before submitting a manuscript
(http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors/instructions/). Manuscripts should be submitted by e-mail to sensors@mdpi.org with a copy to the Guest Editor (Dr. Rezaul K. Begg, E-Mail: rezaul.begg@vu.edu.au). The subject title of the message should be "Manuscript for Special Issue on "Sensors in Biomechanics and Biomedicine".

Sensors is an Open Access journal providing an advanced forum for the science and technology of sensors and biosensors. It is published by Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI) online monthly. Sensors has an Impact Factor of 1.870 (JCR 2008) and is covered by the following indexing and abstracting databases: Analytical Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts (CAS), Chemistry Citation Index, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), IndexCopernicus, Google Scholar, INSPEC, Journal Citation Report, Open-J-Gate, Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE), Scirus, SciSearch and Scopus.

MDPI publishes several peer-reviewed, Open Access journals listed at http://www.mdpi.com/. The editorial board members, including several Nobel Laureates (http://www.mdpi.com/about/nobelists/), are all leading active scholars. All these journals maintain rapid, yet rigorous, peer-review, manuscript handling and editorial processes. All of our journals have increased their impact factors, see the editorial "Full Open Access Journals Have Increased Impact Factors", http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/14/6/2254/.

We are looking forward to hearing from you soon.

Kind regards,

Tanja Birrer

On behalf of the Guest Editor

Dr. Rezaul K. Begg
VU Biomechanics
Victoria University - City Flinders Campus
PO Box 14428, Melbourne
Vic 8001, Australia
Website: http://www.staff.vu.edu.au/begg/
E-Mail: rezaul.begg@vu.edu.au
--

Tanja Birrer
Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI)
Kandererstrasse 25
CH - 4057 Basel, Switzerland
Tel. +41 61 683 77 34
Fax: +41 61 302 89 18
E-mail: birrer@mdpi.org

I realized that this may just be a general promotion email by the journal, sent to hundreds of potential authors. So the game goes on.